Water Gardening April, 1996 Volume 1, Number 1
p. 5: Water lilies prefer calm water. Their growth is diminished with time in turbulent waters. In strong water they die.
p. 5: If you don't have fish, use Mosquito Dunks (tm) to control mosquitos. They employ bucillus thuringiensis (a bacteria commonly known as BT) to kill the mosquito larvae. Break up the donuts for barrel gardens.
p. 8: Excellent article on Eamonn Hughes' pond and waterfall construction techniques. A video is available. This guy has his act together. May be the best pond builder I've seen. He lives in Oregon.
Hughes sets rocks in a mortar bed over the entire liner. He uses plant troughs to make natural-looking "pots" for the pond plants. The troughs are river rocks set in a bed of premix mortar.
Hughes recommends 18 inches of depth for goldfish and at lesst 30 inches for koi. Hughes doesn't like pools in the stream. They trap large volumes of water. He recommends building waterfall spill rocks almost flush with the upstream section.
p. 13: Formulae given for establishing gallons of water in a stream. Lenght x width x depth equals cubic footage. Multiply cubic footage by 7.5 to get gallons of water.
p. 18: Article on Perry D. Slocumm, hybridizer of water lilies and lotuses. Lists his favorite pinks, yellows, whites, blacks and sunrise colored water lilies.
p. 20: "Mrs. Perry Slocum" is the most popular selling lotus in North America.
p. 31: Building a bog garden-including construction techniques and plants for the southern bog garden.
p. 36: Article on Water Irises.
p. 47: Article on development of water gardening in England, with emphasis on Perry's Hardy Plant Farm and Stapeley Water Gardens.
p. 52: Address for International Water Lily Society.
p. 53: Article on building bridges.
p. 59: Excellent article on choosing fish for your pond. Great basics. Gives general rule of one inch of fish per square foot of pond or one inch of fish per five gallons of water. Biological filters required if you want more fish. There is a discussion of various fish a ponder might consider.
p. 63: Article on how to divide and repot water lilies. Very thorough. Walks you through all the steps.
P. 66: Article on controlling algae. Very thorough. Discusses both common and experimental algae controls from submerged plants to inks to wet straw!
p. 72: Short article on building a pond for children. Preformed pond used. Placed above ground to filled with soil/sand to yield only six inches of water.
p. 74: Article on toads and frogs, and various ways to tell them apart.
p. 82: Interesting article on the effects of koi spawning on your pond.
p. 84: Review of Eamonn Hughes' video "Creating You Own Water Garden."
Water Gardening May, 1996, Volume 1, Number 2
Water Gardening July/August, 1996 Volume 1, Number 3
p. 5: Q & A on growth habits and surface spread of water lilies, both hardy and tropical.
p. 8: General article on "tantalizing Tropical Water Lilies" with lots of pictures.
p. 16: Article on Dave Artz, Houston landscape designer who does lots of ponds. Illustrates his technique of pouring ledge circling the pond perimeter. A great innovation. Check it out. p. 29: Article on Louisiana Irises. Lots of pictures.
p. 56: kArticle on photographing water lilies.
p. 70: pictures of a stream being built.
p. 72: Article on raccoon proofing your pond.
P. 74: Pondkeeping tips, such as using milk crates for plant pedestals, putting your pump in bucket full of filter wool for ease of maintenance, and avoiding using unpainted concrete blocks, which might leach lime into the water.
p. 76: TIP: leave your pump on 24 hrs per day to minimize low-oxygen death of fish at dawn.
p. 78: Article on building a Mary Kerns Biological Filter for your pond. Good pictures. She recommends a pump that will recycle the ponds water every 3 to 4 hours. Slower won't do the job and faster will not allow sufficient contact for good biological growth.
p. 81: Formulas given for pump capacity for a stream. Author recommends 65 gallons per hour for every inch of width in the stream. If the distance from the pump and output is greater than ten feet, add one foot for every 10 feet the the pumping height.
p. 82: tips on quarantining koi.
Water Gardening September, 1996, Volume 1, Number 4
p. 4: Role of salt in the water garden.
p. 5: Q & A on what time of day to feed fish (usually in the afternoon).
p. 9: Report of a snake that ate a koi.
p. 18: Article on pond designer Gordon Letbetter and his work. Good pictures on how he conceals liners. Discusses techniques for making streams with EPDM liner and chicken-wire. Good illustrations on pond construction.
p. 24: Article on constructing small waterfalls. Recommends pouring a concrete footing for the waterfall. Footing should be 1/3 as deep as the height of the waterfall. Shape it to slope into the pond to help with water loss. Also recommends underlaying waterfall with EPDM. Consider water splash too. One drop of water splashing out of the pond per second yields one teaspoon per minute, one cup per hour and 1 1/4 gallons per 24 hours. That for each drop! Article recommends using cinder blocks for infrastructure.
p. 38: Article on the Denver Botanic Garden's water lilies. Lots of pictures.
p. 45: Article on Sweetflag plant. Leaves have citrus-like ordor when crushed. Grow from rhizomes. Can be grown in bog or in pond.
p. 49: Article on Charles B Thomas and Lilypons. The Lilypons formulae for keeping your pond clean is given: Cover 60% to 70% of the surface with water lilies or floating leaf bog plants and one bunch of submerged plants per square foot for ponds under 100 square feet and one bunch per 2 square feet for ponds over 100 square feet. Stock scavengers at the same rate as submerged plants. One inch of goldfish per five gallons of water & recirculate and filter the total volume of the pond every 2 to 6 hours. Use a UV sterilizer.
p. 55: An introduction to Koi selection.
p. 60: An in depth article on pH in the pond. PH varies with the time of day. Higher in day than at night. PH is low in the morning from the carbon dioxide released at night. PH reaches its peak at sunset. Measuring pH at sunrise and sunset gives more acurate measurement of your pond's pH ranges. Author recommends checking pH once a month or after a 20% water change.
P. 69: Short article on grass carp.
p. 70: Article on the Great Blue Heron.
p. 74: Article on natural filtration. Advocates the second pond system, equal to 10% of the main pond.
p. 76: Article on moving rocks into hard places. Nice line drawings.
p. 79: Nice article on winterizing your pond: (1) Remove any plecostomos when water temp drops to 65 degrees. They die at 58 degrees. (2) turn off biological filter. The bacteria die at 40 to 45 degrees. (3) Remove filter box. Otherwise, the dying bacteria will foul the water. (4) add an airstone for aeration. But keep it off the bottom or it will cause pond temperatures to drop rapidly as the warm water circulates up from the bottom of the pond, where it cools off.
p. 80: What to do to your pond in September, by USDA Zones. Zone 7: feed your fish watermelon and oranges.
Zone 8: fertilize tropical lilies unless you are going to try to overwinter them.
p. 86: Article on drying water lilies.
Water Gardening October, 1996, Volume 1, Number 5
p. 5: Winterizing tips for plants & fish.
p. 6: Building the Stream Garden. Great pictures. Use rock placement to narrow channels and "speed up" water flow in the stream. Using spray poly foam to anchor rocks to liner.
p. 16: Great chart by Eamonn Hughes on how far your pond will drop when streams of various widths and depths are turned on. Very important chart.
p. 18: Article on water lilies. Lots of pictures.
p. 32: Seven tips for water gardeners from Rich Sacher.
p. 33: article on umbrella plants.
p. 38: article on the water garden at Wichita, Kansas.
p. 57: How to Preserve Water Lilies using silica gel.
p. 62: Good article on measuring and plotting pH levels.
p. 76: Turtles in the Pond.
p. 78: What's happening in water gardens in October by USDA Regions.
p. 83: How to cut stones.
p. 84: PH and Fish Health.
Water Gardening November, 1996, Volume 1, Number 6
p. 13: Pond tours of Texas ponds. Lots of pictures.
p. 37: Nice article on rock gardens.
p. 45: article on arrowhead plants.
p. 50: Cute article on waterfall/pond built by an elementary school class. Used preformed ponds. Pictures show difficulties in making preformed ponds look natural.
p. 62: Article on how koi and plants can coexits. No easy solutions here.
p. 64: How to Photograph Water Lilies.
p. 82: Use a tethered therometer to obtain the bottom temperature of your pond. Stop sfeeding your fish when the temperature fallsbelow 45 degrees F.
p. 95: pictures of ponds.
Water Gardening Jan/Feb, 1997, Volume 1, Number 8
p.6: Warning against using baking soda to adjust pH in the pond. It can release enough carbon dioxide to endanger fish.
p. 7 Water Quality in Ponds for Aquaculture by Claude Boyd recommended.
p. 8: Cover article on building waterfalls. Offers a general guideline planning for 100 gallons per hour per each inch of width in the spillway. A five inch spillway will require a 500 gph minimum pump. Additional capacity is needed for hose runs, bends and height.
p. 13: New Plants for 1997 (mostly lilies).
p. 25: Photo tour of sixteen Texas ponds.
p. 42: Hosta article. Lots of pictures.
p. 50: article on Longue Vue Gardens in New Orleans.
p. 66: good introductory article on growing lotuses.
p. 79: article on garter snakes.
p. 84: Interesting article on making a bog garden on what was formerly the edge of your pond. Worth a look.
p. 58: article on small, tabletop water gardens.
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