1512: Michelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was first shown to the public.
1604: Othello, by William Shakespeare, premiered at Whitehall Palace, London, England.
1611: TheTempest first presented.
1765: The Stamp Act went into effect.
1871: Stephan Crane born.
1936: Benito Mussolini gave a speech in Milan, Italy, describing the alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.
1952: The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb in a test at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands.
2016: Second Amendment lawyer and scholar Don B. Kates, Jr. died at age 75.
1783: General George Washington issued his farwell address to the army.
1889: North and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states.
1913: Burt Lancaster born.
1947: Howard Hughes flew the Spruce Goose.
1948: President Truman pulls upset in winning election over Thomas E. Dewey.
1976: Jimmy Carter defeated Gerald Ford for President.
1983: President Reagan signed a bill establishing the third Monday of January as Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
1923: Charles Bronson born.
1964: Lyndon Baines Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater for President.
1842: Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, Illinois.
1879: Will Rogers born in Oologah, Oklahoma.
1916: Walter Cronkite born.
1922: King Tutankhamen's tomb discovered in Egypt.
1924: Nellie T Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first woman governor.
1956: Soviet troops invaded Hungary to crush the Hungarian Revolution.
1979: The Iranian hostage crisis began as the US Embassy in Tehran was stormed, starting 444 days of captivity.
2008: Novelist Michael Crichton dies at age 66. His novel Andomeda Strain was published in 1969 and Jurassic Park was released in 1990. State of Fear was published in 2004.
1605: The Gunpowder Plot failed as Guy Fawkes was captured before he could blow up the English Parliment.
1872: Suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote for US Grant in the presidential election.
1912: Roy Rogers born.
1941: Art Garfunkel born.
1946: John Kennedy elected a representative for Mass.
1989: Barry Sadler, age 49, died. He co-wrote and recorded the number one hit in 1966, Ballad of the Green Berets, which sold 9 million copies.
1989: Vladimir Horowitz died at age 85.
1854: John Philip Sousa born in Wshington.
1860: Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the presidency of the US.
1913: Gandhi was arrested as he led a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
1874: Thomas Nast draws a cartoon in Harper's Weekly , using an elephant as the symbol of the Republican Party.
1885: At 9:22 am Donald Smith drove home the last spike in the Canadian Pacific Railway at Craigellachie, British Columbia, completing Canada's transcontinental railroad.
1913: Albert Camus born.
1916: Republican Jeanette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.
1917: Russia's Bolshevik Revolution began as forces led by Vladmiir Ilyich Lenin toppled the government of Alexander Kerensky.
1918: Billy Graham born.
1922: Al Hirt was born.
1962: Richard M. Nixon held a press conference after his loss of the California gubernatorial election, telling reporters, "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore."
1980: Steve McQueen died in Juarez, Mexico at age 50.
2016: Mike Dillon, who brought reasonably priced progressive ammo loading machines to the public via factory-direct marketing, died at age 81.
1793: The Louvre Museum opened to public.
1889: Montana became the 41st state.
1909: Katharine Hepburn born.
1950: The first jet plne battle took place as USAF Lt. Russel J Brown shot down a North Korean MiG 15.
1960: John Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon for president.
1875: JW Nesmith recieved patent for his spark arrester used on locomotives on the Colorado & Southern Railroad.
1934: Carl Sagan born.
1938: Kristallnacht occurred as bands of Nazis in Germany and Austria looted nd burned synagogues and Jewish owned stores and houses.
1965: The great northwest blackout occurred. It lasted 13-1/2 hours.
1970: Former French President Charles de Gaulle died at age of 79.
1984: Frederick Hart's statue, called Three Soldiers unveiled on the site of the Vietnam Veterans' Memorial in Washington, DC.
2015: Carol Doda, the legendary San Franciscan stripper, died at age 78. In 1964, Ms. Doda caused a sensation with her topless dancing at the Condor Club in the North Beach section of San Francisco. She entered the stage atop a piano. She became known as "The Girl on the Piano." She was also profiled in the Tom Wolfe book, The Pump House Gang.
1775: The US Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
1871: Explorer and journalist Henry M Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingston in Central Africa. "Doctor Livingston, I presume."
1928: Hirohito enthroned as emporer of Japan.
1954: The Iwo Jima Memorial, depicting a group of servicemen raising the American flag, was dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
1969: Sesame Street debuted on PBS.
1975: The Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 vanished while hauling ore during a storm on Lake Superior.
1989: Germans began tearing down the Berlin Wall, a day after East Germany abolished its border restrictions.
1992: Chuck Connors, ( The Rifelman between 1958 and 1963) died of lung cancer at age 71.
2007: Author Norman Mailer died at the age 84 of kidney failure.
1620: The Mayflower Compact signed by the 41 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower as it was anchored off the Mass. coast.
1821: Fyodor Dostoevsky born.
1831: Nat Turner, a former slave and leader of an anti-slavery insurrection, was executed in Jerusalem, Virginia.
1889: Washington became the 42nd state.
1904: Alger Hiss born.
1915: William Proximire born.
1918: Armistice signed, ending the fighting in WWI.
1921: President Harding dedicated the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington Cemetery.
1922: Kurt Vonnegut born.
1925: Jonathan Winters born.
1938: Nazi government in Germany orders Jews to surrender all firearms and ammunition, as well as truncheons and stabbing weapons.
1939: Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's God Bless American. on network radio.
1942: German occupation of France completed.
1927: Joseph Stalin seized control of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from thje Communist Party.
1948: Former Japanese premier Hideki Toja and other Japanese leaders were sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
1954: The immigration station at Ellis Island finally closed, after processing over 20 million immigrants since it opened in 1892.
1975: William O Douglas retired from the US Supreme Court after 36-1/2 years on the Court.
1775: US forces captured Montreal.
1789: Ben Franklin, in a letter to a friend, wrote, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain except death and taxes."
1850: Robert Louis Stevenson born.
1878: The first telephone was installed on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.
1927: The Holland Tunnel (underneath the Hudson River) opened. It connects New York City and New Jersey.
1940: The Walt Disney movie Fantasia premiered in New York.
1942: President Roosevelt lowered the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
1956: The US Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segragation on public buses.
1974: Karen Silkwood killed in a car crash.
1982: Vietnam Veterans' Memorial dedicated.
1851: Herman Melville's Moby Dick published in the US.
1881: Charles J. Guiteau went on trial for the assination of President Garfield. He was convicted and hanged.
1940: German plans destroyed Coventry, England.
1969: Apollo 12 launched.
1777: The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation.
1806: Zebulon Pike sighted Pike's Peak.
1926: NBC made its debut on the airwaves with a radio network of 24 stations.
1969: 250,000 protestors staged a demonstration in Washington DC against the Vietnam War
1864: General William Sherman began his "March to the Sea."
1907: Oklahoma became the 46th state.
1959: Rodgers and Hammerstein's The Sound of Music premiered on Broadway, starring Mary Martin.
1869: The Suez Canal, connecting the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, opened.
1558: Elizabeth I ascended to the English throne, on the death of Queen Mary.
1800: Congress held its first session in Washington, DC.
1917: August Rodin died in Meudon, France.
1925: Rock Hudson born in Winnetka, Illinois.
1934: Lyndon Johnson married Claudia "Lady Bird" Alta Taylor.
1973: President Nixon, in a talk to AP managing editors, stated, "People have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."
1820: US Navy Captain Nathaniel B. Pallmer discovered Antarctica.
1865: Mark Twain's The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveres County published in the New York Saturday Press.
1886: Former President Chester A Arthur died at age 56.
1903: The United States and Panama signed a treaty granting the US rights to build the Panama Canal.
1928: Walt Disney's Steamboat Willie, starring new film star Mickey Mouse, premiered as the animated talkie.
1963: Touch-tone service for telephones introduced.
1966: US Roman Catholic Bishops voted to end the rule against eating meat of Fridays.
1978: Rev. Jim Jones and 911 followers committed mass suicide.
1863: President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
1959: Ford Motor Company announced the ending of production of the Edsel.
1969: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Beam became the second set of men to land on the moon.
1945: The Nurenberg (Germany) War Trials of 24 Nazi leaders becag.
1975: Spain's General Francisco Franco died in Madrid at age 83. He had ruled for nearly 4 decades.
1994: Voltaire born.
1877: Thomas Edison announced the invention of the phonograph, which he called a "talking machine."
1922: Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia sworn in as the first female US Senator.
1973: The 18-1/2 minute gap in one of the Watergate Tapes was announced by President Nixon's attorney, J Fred Buzhardt.
1980: 83 million viewers tuned in to find out "Who Shot J.R." on Dallas.
1980: 87 people died in a fire at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas.
1718: Edward Teach (Blackbeard) killed during a battle off the Virginia coast.
1819: George Eliot born.
1906: The "SOS" distress signal adodpted for international use.
1928: Bolero, by Maurice Ravel, first performed publiclly, in Paris, France.
1963: President Kennedy assinated in Dallas, Texas.
1980: Mae West died at age 87 in Hollywood.
1765: Frederick County, Maryland, repudited England's Stamp Act.
1804: Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, was born in Hillsboro, New Hampshire.
1889: The first jukebox made its debut in the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco.
1936: Life magazine first published.
1971: The People's Republic of China was seated in the UN Security Council
1632: Benedict de Spinoza born.
1859: Charles Darwin's Origin of Species published.
1864: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born in Albi.
1871: The National Rifle Association was incorporated.
1925: William F. Buckley born.
1947: The Hollywood Ten (writers, producers and directors) were cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions about alleged Communist influence in the movies.
1963: Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald.
1971: Hijacker "Dan Cooper" parachuted from a Northwest Airlines 727 with $200,000.
1783: The British evacuated New York, their last military position in the United States. 1920: Radio station WTAW of College Station broadcast the first paly-by-play description of a football game(Ut vs. Texas A & M).
1963: President Kennedy buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
1789: A day of Thanksgiving was set aside by President Washington to observe adoption of the Constitution.
1912: Eugene Ionesco born.
1922: Charles M Schultz born.
1942: Casablanca premiered in New York.
1973: Rose Mary Woods, President Nixon's secretary, told a federal court she had accidently erased the 18-1/2 minutes of a Watergate tape.
1973: The 55 mph speed limit imposed on all US highways.
1910: New York's Pennsylvania Station opened. It was the world's largest railroad station at the time.
1953: Eugene O' Neill died in Boston at age 65.
1973: Gerald Ford confirmed as Vice President of the United States, succeeding Spiro Agnew, who had resigned.
1520: Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the strait which bears his name, at the tip of South America.
1894: Henry Hazlitt born.
1922: Captain Cyril Turner of the Royal Air Force displayed the first skywriting above New York's Times Square. It said, "Hello USA. Call Vanderbilt 7200. 47,000 people did!
1925: The Grand Ole Opry made its radio debut on WSM Radio.
1832: Louisa May Alcott born.
1864: The Sand Creek Massacre occurred as a Colorado militia unit killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians.
1898: CS Lewis born.
1947: The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling for a partition of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
1961: Enos the Chimp was launched from Cape Canaveral and orbited the earth twice before returning.
1964: The Roman Catholic Church in the United States authorized the use of English, instead of Latin, in the Liturgy.
1963: President Johnson named the members of the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
1986: Cary Grant died at age 82.
2009: Hugh H. "Harry" Hurt dies at age 81. He was the author of the first comprehensive study of the causes of motorcycle accidents, commonly referred to the "Hurt Report."
1667: Jonathan Swift born.
1782: The United States and Britain signed a peace treaty in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.
1835: Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain) born in Florida, Mo.
1874: Winston Churchill born at Blenheim Palace.
1900: Oscar Wilde died in Paris.
1998: Johnny Roventini dies. He first went on the air with his commercial for cigarettes, calling out, "Call for Philip Morris.[Call for Phil-lip Mor-rees]"
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