1765: The Stamp Act went into effect.
1936: Benito Mussolini gave a speech in Milan, Italy, describing the alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.
1952: The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb in a test at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands.
1783: General George Washington issued his farwell address to the army.
1889: North and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states.
1964: Lyndon Baines Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater for President.
1879: Will Rogers born in Oologah, Oklahoma.
1924: Nellie T Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first woman governor.
1956: Soviet troops invaded Hungary to crush the Hungarian Revolution.
1979: The Iranian hostage crisis began as the US Embassy in Tehran was stormed, starting 444 days of captivity.
1605: The Gunpowder Plot failed as Guy Fawkes was captured before he could blow up the English Parliment.
1872: Suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote for US Grant in the presidential election.
1860: Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the presidency of the US.
1913: Gandhi was arrested as he led a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
1874: Thomas Nast draws a cartoon in Harper's Weekly , using an elephant as the symbol of the Republican Party.
1916: Republican Jeanette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.
1917: Russia's Bolshevik Revolution began as forces led by Vladmiir Ilyich Lenin toppled the government of Alexander Kerensky.
1889: Montana became the 41st state.
1950: The first jet plne battle took place as USAF Lt. Russel J Brown shot down a North Korean MiG 15.
1938: Kristallnacht occurred as bands of Nazis in Germany and Austria looted nd burned synagogues and Jewish owned stores and houses.
1775: The US Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
1989: Germans began tearing down the Berlin Wall, a day after East Germany abolished its border restrictions.
1620: The Mayflower Compact signed by the 41 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower as it was anchored off the Mass. coast.
1831: Nat Turner, a former slave and leader of an anti-slavery insurrection, was executed in Jerusalem, Virginia.
1889: Washington became the 42nd state.
1918: Armistice signed, ending the fighting in WWI.
1938: Nazi government in Germany orders Jews to surrender all firearms and ammunition, as well as truncheons and stabbing weapons.
1942: German occupation of France completed.
1927: Joseph Stalin seized control of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from thje Communist Party.
1948: Former Japanese premier Hideki Toja and other Japanese leaders were sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
1975: William O Douglas retired from the US Supreme Court after 36-1/2 years on the Court.
1775: US forces captured Montreal.
1789: Ben Franklin, in a letter to a friend, wrote, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain except death and taxes."
1942: President Roosevelt lowered the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
1881: Charles J. Guiteau went on trial for the assination of President Garfield. He was convicted and hanged.
1940: German planes destroyed Coventry, England.
1777: The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation.
1864: General William Sherman began his "March to the Sea."
1907: Oklahoma became the 46th state.
1800: Congress held its first session in Washington, DC.
1973: President Nixon, in a talk to AP managing editors, stated, "People have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."
1886: Former President Chester A Arthur died at age 56.
1903: The United States and Panama signed a treaty granting the US rights to build the Panama Canal.
1978: Rev. Jim Jones and 911 followers committed mass suicide.
1863: President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
1945: The Nurenberg (Germany) War Trials of 24 Nazi leaders becag.
1922: Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia sworn in as the first female US Senator.
1973: The 18-1/2 minute gap in one of the Watergate Tapes was announced by President Nixon's attorney, J Fred Buzhardt.
1963: President Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
1765: Frederick County, Maryland, repudiated England's Stamp Act.
1804: Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, was born in Hillsboro, New Hampshire.
1971: The People's Republic of China was seated in the UN Security Council
1871: The National Rifle Association was incorporated.
1947: The Hollywood Ten (writers, producers and directors) were cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions about alleged Communist influence in the movies.
1963: Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald.
1783: The British evacuated New York, their last military position in the United States.
1789: A day of Thanksgiving was set aside by President Washington to observe adoption of the Constitution.
1973: Rose Mary Woods, President Nixon's secretary, told a federal court she had accidently erased the 18-1/2 minutes of a Watergate tape.
1973: The 55 mph speed limit imposed on all US highways.
1973: Gerald Ford confirmed as Vice President of the United States, succeeding Spiro Agnew, who had resigned.
1894: Henry Hazlitt born.
1864: The Sand Creek Massacre occurred as a Colorado militia unit killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians.
1947: The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling for a partition of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
1963: President Johnson named the members of the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
1782: The United States and Britain signed a peace treaty in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.
1874: Winston Churchill born at Blenheim Palace.
Last revised January 25, 2003
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