June 01:

1792: Kentucky became the 15th state.
1801: Brigham Young born in Whitingham, Vermont.
1813: Captain James Lawerence, mortally wounded commander of the US Frigate Chesapeake, uttered his famous line, "Don't give up the ship." This would later become the motto of the US Navy.
1926: Marilyn Monroe born in Los Angeles, California.
1926: Andy Griffith born.
1957: Don Bowden became the first American to break the four-minute mile during a meet at Stockton, California, with a time of 3:58.7
1967: The Beatles released their album, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.
1968: Helen Keller died in Westport, Conn.
1980: CNN (Cable News Network) debuted on cable TV.

June 02:

1740: Marquis de Sade born.
1840: Thomas Hardy born.
1886: President Grover Cleveland married Frances Folsom in a White House ceremony, becoming the only president to marry while in office.
1924: Congress granted citizenship to all Indians.
1941: Lou Gehrig died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
1948: Jerry Mathers, "The Beaver," born.
1966:The United States probe Surveyor 1 landed on the moon.
1986: Live proceedings from the US Senate were first televised.
1990: Actor Rex Harrison died at age 82.

June 03:

1621: The Dutch WestIndies Company received a charter for the New Netherlands (aka New York).
1804: Richard Cobden born. He is called the "Apostle of Free Trade" in England, for his opposition to the protectionist English Corn Laws. His efforts lead to their repeal in 1846.
1808: Jefferson Davis was born in Christian County Kentucky.
1888: The poem, "Casey at the Bat," by Ernest Lawrence Thayer was frist published.
1925: Tony Curtis was born.
1926: Allen Ginsberg born.
1936: Larry McMurtry was born.
1937: Edward, Duke of Windsor, married Wallis Simpson. Edward had earlier abdicated the British throne to do this.
1965: Edward White became the first American to "walk" in space during the flight of Gemini 4.
1969: The 79th, and final, episode of Star Trek aired. 1989: Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini died.

June 04:

1939: In what came to be known as the "Voyage of the Damned" the SS St. Louis was turned away from the Florida coast and forced back to Europe with over 930 Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi rule. Manny of these refugees later died in Nazi concentration camps.
1940: The military evacuation at Dunkirk, France, ended.
1942: The Battle of Midway began.
1944: Allied forces liberated Rome.
1947: The House of Representatives voted for the Taft Hartley Act.
1977: VHS video take introduced in USA by JVC. >BR> 1985: The US Supreme Court found an Alabama law on prayer in school to be unconstitutional
1989: Many hundreds of people died as Chinese troops stormed Beijing to end the pro-democracy movement in China.

June 05:

1723: Adam Smith born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
1883: John Maynard Keynes born.
1884: General William T. Sherman, of Civil War fame, refused the Republican nomination for president by stating, "I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected."
1917: Registration began for the draft in WWII.
1933: The United States goes off the gold standard.
1934: Bill Moyers born.
1947: Secretary of State Geore Marshall outlined a program of aid for Europe which became known as the Marshall Plan.
1967: The Six-Day war began.
1968: At 2:16 am (central daylight time) Senator Robert Kennedy was shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan.
1999: Jazz singer Mel Torme dies at age 73.
2012: Author Ray Bradbury dies at age 91.

June 06:

1844: the YMCA was founded in London.
1875: Thomas Mann born.
1925: Walter Percy Chrysler founded the Chrysler Corporation.
1933: The first drive-in movie opened, in Camden New Jersey.
1934: The Securities and Exchange Commission was established.
1939: The first Little League game was played, in Willaimsport, Pa.
1942: The Japanese forces retreated during the Battle of Midway.
1944: D Day. Invasion at Normandy, France.
1978: California voters passed Proposition 13, calling for major cuts in property taxes.

June 07:

1654: Louis XIV was crowned King of France.
1769: Daniel Boone first began to explore what is now known as Kentucky.
1776: Richard Henry Lee proposed to the Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.
1848: Paul Gauguin, the French post impressionist painter, was born.
1864: Abraham Lincoln was nominated for another term as president at the Republican convention meeting in Baltimore.
1929: The Vatican City came into existence as a sovereign state.

June 08:

632: The prophet Mohammed died.
1845: Andrew Jackson, the 7th President, died in Nashville, Tennessee.
1869: Chicago inventor Ives McGaffey received a patent for a vacuum cleaner.
1873: The "Comstock Act" became law.
2012: Frank Cady died at age 96. He played shopkeeper Sam Drucker in Green Acres, and Petticoat Junction.

June 09:

68: Roman Emporor Nero committed suicide.
1860: The first dime novel, Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter, was published.
1870: Charles Dickens died in Godshill, England.
1892: Cole Porter born in Peru, Indiana.
1940: Norway surrendered to Nazi Germany.
1969: The US Senate confirmed Warren Burger to be the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, succeeding Earl Warren.
1973: Secretariat became the first horse to win the Triple Crown in 25 years.

June 10:

1819: Gustove Coubet born.
1865: Tristan und Isolde, by Richard Wagner, premeired in Munich, Germany.
1922: Singer-actres Judy Garland was born in Grand Rapids, Minn. Her real name was Frances Gumm.
1925: Nat Hentoff, lawyer, author and defender of the First Amendment, born.
1933: Lawyer F. Lee Bailey born.
1935: Alcoholics Anonymous founded in Akron, Ohio.
1940: Italy declared war on France and Great Britain.
1942: The Gestapo massacred 173 male residents of Lidice, Czechoslovakia in retaliation for the killing of one Nazi official.
1967: The Six-Days war ended.

June 11:

1572: Ben Johnson was born.
1770: Captain James Cook's ship, Endeavour, ran onto the Great Barrier Reef off Australia.
1776: The Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence.
1859: A prospector laid claim to a silver deposit in Six Mile Canyon, Nevada. It later became known as the Comstock Lode.
1919: Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first Triple Crown winner.
1979: John Wayne died of cancer at age 72.
1910: Jacques Cousteau born.

June 12:

1776: Virginia's colonial legislature became the first in America to adopt a Bill of Rights.
1819: Charles Kingsley was born.
1838: The Iowa Territory was organized.
1924: President George Bush was born.
1929: Anne Frank was born.
1967: The US Supreme Court struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.
2007: Don Herbert, known everywhere as "Mr. Wizard," died.

June 13:

1865: William Butler Yeats was born.
1888: Congress created the Department of Labor
1898: The Yukon Territory of Canada was organized.
1927: A ticker tape parade welcomed Charles Lindberg to New York City.
1944: Germany began launching flying bomb attacks against Britain.
1966: The US Supreme Court issued its opinion in Miranda v. Arizona.
1967: LBJ nominated Thurgood Marshall to the US Supreme Court.
1971: The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers.
1983: The space probe Pioneer 10 became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system, eleven years after it was launched.

June 14:

1648: Margaret Jones of Charlestown, Mass, was indicted, found guilty and executed in the first US witch trial.
1775: the US Army was founded.
1777: The Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.
1811: Hariet Beecher Stowe was born.
1909: Burl Ives was born.
1940: German forces began their occupation of Paris.
1941: This was the first Flag Day.
1954: Dwight Eisenhower signed an order adding the words, "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.
1982: Argentine forces surrendered to the British on the Faulkland Islands.
2000: Peter McWilliams dies, choking to death on his own vomit. McWilliams, author of Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do, was awaiting sentencing after being convicted of growing medical marijuana, which he used for nausea connected with the prescribed medical treatment he was undergoing. The marijuana was legal under California law, but not under Federal law. The Federal judge had forbidden McWilliams to use marijuana for any reason, including treatment of the nausea that came to kill him.

June 15:

1215: King John signed the Magna Carta an Runnymeade.
1520: Pope Leo X threatened to excommunicate Martin Luther if he did not recant his religious beliefs.
1775: The Second Continental Congress appointed George Washington head of the Continental Army.
1836: Arkansas became the 25th state.
1864: Secretary of War Edwin Stanton signed an order designating a site in Arlington Virginia as a military cemetery.

June 16:

1858: Abraham Lincoln, during a speech for the US Senate race, declared, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
1889: Nelson Doubleday was born.
1903: The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.
1933: Franklin ?Roosevelt signed the Banking Act of 1933, which created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
1938: Joyce Carol Oates was born.
1957: Author and lawyer James J Burnett born.

June 17:

1775: The Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston.
1856: The first Republican convention began in Philadelphia.
1877: The Colorado Central first steamed into Idaho Springs.
1885: The Statute of Liberty arrived in New York aboard the French ship Isere.
1914: John Hersey born.
1917: Dean Martin was born.
1928: James Brown born.
1930: President Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (which some credit with contributing to the Great Depression>
1940: France asked Germany for surrender terms.
1972: The Watergate burglars were arrested.

June 18:

1812: The US declared war against Britain.
1815: Napoleon met his Waterloo as British and Prussian troops defeated him in Belgium.
1873: Susan B. Anthony, an early suffragist, was found guilty in Canandaigua, New York, for voting in the 1872 Presidential election.
1928: Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, flying from Newfoundland to Wales.
1940: Winston Chruchill, Prime Minister of Britain, urged his countrymen to comport themselves in a manner that would cause future generations to declare, "This was their finest hour."
1942: Paul McCartney born.
1948: The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted its International Declaration of Human Rights.
1983: Sally Ride became America's first woman in space. She was a crew member aboard the Challenger.

June 19:

1862: Slavery was outlawed in the US Territories.
1865: Major General Gordon Granger landed at Galveston and issued a general order declaring that slaves in Texas were free.
1910: The first Father's Day was celebrated, in Spokane, Washington.
1952: I've Got a Secret debuted with Garry Moores as its host.
1953: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed at Sing Sing for passing atomic secrets to the USSR.
1964: The first topless bar in the US opened in San Francisco.

June 20:

1756: In India a group of British soldiers was captured and placed in a tiny cell later known as the Black Hole of Calcutta. Most died.
1782: Congress approved the Great Seal of the US>
1837: Queen Victoria ascended to the British throne following the death of her uncle, King William III. She was crowned on June 28, 1837.
1893: A jury in New Bedford, Mass, found Lizzie Borden innocent of the ax murders of her father and stepmother.
1963: The US and the USSR signed an agreement to set up a Hot Line.
1977: Oil began flowing through the trans-Alaska pipeline in Prudhoe Bay.

June 21:

1788: The US Constitution went into effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
1834: Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
1905: Jean-Paul Sartre was born.
1916: Gunmaker William Ruger born in Brooklyn, New York.
1945: Japanese forces on Okinawa surrendered to the United States.
1948: Dr. Peter Goldmark, of CBS Laboratories, demonstrated the first successful long-plalying record.
1958: The US airlift to Berlin began.
2003: Leon Uris, author of Exodus, died at age 78.

June 22:

1633: Officials of the Catholic Church forced Galileo to sign a document renouncing his belief that the earth moves around the sun. Galileo's whispered comment, after signing was, "Still it does so move."
1868: Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.
1937: Joe Louis began his reign as the World's Heavyweight champion after knocking out Jim Braddock in Chicago.
1940: France was forced to sign an armistice with Hitler after 8 days of fighting.
1941: Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
1969: Judy Garland died at age 47 in London.
1970: President Nixon signed a bill lowering the voting age to 18.

June 23:

1868: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for the typewriter.
1931: Aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gaty set off from New York on an eight day, fifteen hour flight around the world.
1972: President Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman agreed on a plan to use the CIA to abstruct the FBI's Watergate investigation. The later revelation of the secret tape of this meeting resulted in Nixon's resignation in 1974.
2016: Britain voted to leave the European Union in a move dubbed Brexit.

June 24:

1497: Explorer John Cabot, on a voyage for England, sighted present-day Canada.
1509: Henry VIII was crowned King of England.
1824: Ambrose Bierce was born.
1948: Blockade of Berlin begins as communist forces cut off all land and water routes between West Germany and Berlin.
1948: Attorney Ronald Ferris born.
1997: The USAF released a report on the Roswell Incident, concluding that the "alien bodies" were actually life-sized dummies.
2014: Actor Eli Wallach dies at age 98. He played a villain in The Magnificient Seven and it The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.

June 25:

1876: Lt. Col. Goerge Armstrong Custer and the 7th Cavalry were wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians at Little Big Horn, in present Montana.
1903: George Orwell born.
1942: The British Air Force undertook a thousand-bomb raid on Bremen, Germany.
1950: North Korea invaded South Korea.
1951: First commercial color television took place as CBS transmitted a one-hour special from New York to four other cities.
1962: US Supreme Court rules school-sponsored prayer in shcool is unconstitutional.

June 26:

1483: Richard III began reign as King of England.
1892: Pearl S. Buck born.
1917: The first troops of the American Expeditionary Force arrived in France.
1919: First issue of the New York Daily News published.
1926: Hollywood premier of Charlie Chaplin's "The Gold Rush."
1945: United Nations Charter signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.

June 27:

1844: Morman leader Joseph Smith was killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois.
1880: Helen Keller born in Tuscumbia, Alabama.
1927: Bob "Captain Kangroo" Keeshan born.
1950: President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict, after the UN Security Council asked for help.
1957: Hurricane Audrey hit Louisiana and Texas coasts, killing at least 390 people.
1966: ABC show "Dark Shadows" premiered.
1985: Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, California, was decertified as a highway and signs were ordered removed. RIP.

June 28:
1712: Jacques Rousseau was born.
1838: Britain's Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1894: Labor Day was established as a holiday for federal employees on the first Monday in September.
1914: Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Sofia, were assisinated in present-day Sarajevo, (formerly in Yugoslavia) by a Serbian revolutionary--triggering WWI.
1919: Treaty of Versailles signed, ending WWI.
1936: First national minimum wage law enacted.
1950: North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.

June 29:
1767: British Parliament imposed import duties on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea shipped to America. Colonists bitterly opposed the Acts, which were repealed in 1770.
1776: Patrick Henry became governor of Virginia.
2009: Joe Bowman, world-famous exhibition shooter, died at age 84.

June 30:
1801: Frederic Bastiat born.
1834: The Indian Territory was created by Congress.
1870: Ada H. Kepley of Effingham, Illinois, became America's first female law school graduate.
1906: Pure Food & Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act became law.
1917: Lena Horn born.
1936: Gone with the Wind, by Margaret Mitchell, published. 1971: 26th Amendment to the US Constitution (lowering voting age to 18) became law as Ohio became the 38th state to ratify it.


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